Different breeds of cattle that might be found in the feedlot and that are fattened for market.
Dr. Grandin is a designer of livestock handling facilities and a Professor of Animal Science at Colorado State University. Facilities she has designed are located in the United States, Canada, Europe, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, and other countries. In North America, almost half of the cattle are handled in a center track restrainer system that she designed for meat plants. Curved chute and race systems she has designed for cattle are used worldwide and have helped reduce stress on cattle.
The Africander is a native South African breed. It belongs to the Sanga type and is used primarily for meat production. The breed is usually red with long lateral horns. Sanga cattle, in huge herds, were owned by the Hottentots when the Dutch established the Cape Colony in 1652. The animals were obtained by the colonists who improved them for use as draft animals. It was Africander oxen that drew the wagons which carried Boer farmers and families on the Great Trek of 1835.
Lowline cattle are a breed of small, polled beef cattle, developed by breeders in Australia from black Aberdeen Angus cattle. Lowlines may appear to be, but are not, dwarfs. The cattle were specifically selected for these genetic traits. Lowlines are roughly 100 cm (three and a half feet) tall & weigh up to 600 kilograms (1300 lbs). They are black in color & naturally polled. They are claimed to be very docile. They are noted for their easy calving ability, with calves weighing 55 lbs.
The American breed of cattle were developed by Art Jones on his ranch near Portales, New Mexico. This region of the United States is a harsh environment for cattle with only 8 to 12 in. of rain each year and much of the forage consisting of alkaline sacatone grass. Jones used Hereford cattle on his ranch but felt they were not capable of being profitable under his production conditions. American breed is this breed composition: 1/2 Brahman, 1/8 Bison, 1/4 Charolais, 1/16 Hereford, 1/16 Shorthorn
Randall cattle are a rare breed of purebred cattle developed in Sunderland, Vermont, USA. The Randall family kept a closed herd for over 80 years. Randalls are considered to be a landrace breed, descended from the local cattle common in New England in the nineteenth Century. In 1985 the Randall cattle were rescued from the Randall farm. in the 1990s It was decided that they would be called Randall cattle and the Registry was set up with that name in 2001.
Maine-Anjou originated in NW part of France. In 19th century, these cattle were large, well-muscled animals w/light red coats spotted with white. First known as the Mancelle, they had a reputation for their easy fattening. In 1839, imported Durham cattle from England were crossed with Mancelle. By 1850 Durham-Mancelle animals were winning championships at the French ag fairs. In 1909 the name was changed to Maine-Anjou Cattle breeders, taking the name from the Maine & Anjou river valleys.
In 1945, various cattlemen throughout the United States started selecting and breeding reds cropped from the best black Aberdeen Angus herds in America. In 1954, seven visionary breeders gathered to establish a unique breeder’s organization known as the Red Angus Association of America (RAAA). Rejecting the norms of the times, the RAAA was designed around the new scientific principles of performance testing.
Evidence points to Charolais having been around as early as 878 AD. Per official recordings, the breed is traced back to the 16th and 17th centuries in which its beef was rated favorably in the markets of France. Charolais have a deep, very broad body with heavily muscled loins and haunches. The cattle are relatively easy calvers and cows boast fine maternal instincts. They possess superior growth ability & have economically gratifying terminal weights.
The Belgian Blue is a breed with myostatin problems which are viable farm strains of cattle. They can live, reproduce, give milk, and be consumed with no risk to humans. However, these Conan-looking cows experience a wide range of health risks associated with their muscling. Many of the cattle develop cardio-respiratory ailments. In almost all modern herds, C-sections are common due to complications in pregnancy, and in some cases C-section rates have climbed to nearly 90% of all births!