Nuclear and Modern
The Daily Galaxy | Great Discoveries Channel
Two laboratories working at the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) had jointly announced on July 4 they had detected a new fundamental particle in experiments at the Large Hadron Collider near Geneva. The discovery has been hailed as one of the biggest scientific achievements ever. The teams, from labs called Atlas and the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS), on Monday each published their findings in the European journal Physics Letters B.
Nuclear - Dare you enter the quantum world of Nuclear? Where things are not just stranger than you might imagine, but stranger than you can imagine! Witness the interplay of energies and physics at the tiniest of scales as you learn to play, discover and explore the chemical elements at the atomic scale.
Nuclear fusion is considered the ultimate power source – using the heat from breaking apart radioactive elements and isotopes to drive steam-powered turbines, this technology would be virtually limitless. It’s far from a new concept, but complications in the physics have prevented it from being achievable. Holding two isotopes of hydrogen at 200 million degrees until they collide and fuse to make helium would require building a device that runs at ten times the temperature of the sun.
Nuclear Forces : Silvan S. Schweber : 9780674065871
What drove Nobel-winning physicist Hans Bethe, head of Theoretical Physics at Los Alamos during the Manhattan Project, to later renounce the weaponry he had worked so tirelessly to create? That is one of the questions answered by Nuclear Forces, a riveting biography of Bethe's early life and development as both a scientist and a man of principle.
While best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 which has been dubbed the world's most famous equation, he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics, Einstein denounced using the new discovery of nuclear fission as a weapon. Later, with the British philosopher Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the Russell–Einstein Manifesto, which highlighted the danger of nuclear weapons.
Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!
Richard Feynman (1918-1988), winner of the Nobel Prize in physics, thrived on outrageous adventures. Here he recounts in his inimitable voice his experience trading ideas on atomic physics with Einstein and Bohr and ideas on gambling with Nick the Greek; cracking the uncrackable safes guarding the most deeply held nuclear secrets; painting a naked female toreador
Nine Stubborn Brain Myths That Just Won't Die, Debunked by Science
Failed math in school. As a patent office clerk, came up with a theory that would turn the world upside down. Helped father nuclear weapons, then argued for not using them. Was offered Presidency of Israel, turned it down. Kept changing our view of physics up until his death. Didn't give a crap about how silly he might look. Cool.
Transmutation - Chemistry Encyclopedia - reaction, elements, number, mass, atom
Transmutation is the act of changing a substance, tangible or intangible, from one form or state into another. To the alchemists of old, this meant the conversion of one physical substance into another, particularly base metals such as lead into valuable silver and gold. To the modern scientists, this means the transformation of one element into another by one or a series of nuclear decays or reactions.
Julius Robert Oppenheimer (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Along with Enrico Fermi, he is often called the "father of the atomic bomb" for his role in the Manhattan Project, the World War II project that developed the first nuclear weapons.
Robert Oppenheimer - 4. 22.1904 – 2.18.1967 - was an American physicist and professor of physics at the University of California. Along with Enrico Fermi,he is often called the "father of the atomic bomb" for his role in the Manhattan Project, the World War II project that developed the first nuclear weapons. The 1st atomic bomb was detonated on 7.16.1945, in New Mexico.
"If atomic bombs are to be added as new weapons to the arsenals of a warring world, or to the arsenals of nations preparing for war, then the time will come when mankind will curse the names of Los Alamos and Hiroshima. The people must unite, or they will perish." -- J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967)
Gender and Science
Dr. Lise Meitner (1878-1968) - Jewish Austrian-Swedish physicist known for her co-discovery of nuclear fission. In 1906 she became the 2nd woman ever to graduate with a doctorate of physics from the University of Vienna. When asked to join the Manhattan Project, Meitner refused, declaring ‘I will have nothing to do with a bomb!’ The inscription on her headstone reads “Lise Meitner: a physicist who never lost her humanity.”
The late German-American physicist Hans Bethe once described himself as "the H-bomb's midwife". He left Nazi Germany in 1933, after which he helped develop the first atomic bomb, won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1967 for his contribution to the theory of nuclear reactions, advocated tighter controls over nuclear weapons and campaigned vigorousl...
Dry-run experiments verify key aspect of nuclear fusion concept: Scientific 'break-even' or better is near-term goal
Magnetically imploded tubes called liners, intended to help produce controlled nuclear fusion at scientific "break-even" energies or better within the next few years, have functioned successfully in preliminary tests, according to a Sandia research paper accepted for publication by Physical Review Letters (PRL).