Bela Bartok, a native Transylvanian, and his friend Zoltan Kodaly were two of the top classical composers of their generation, and prior to WWI traveled the Carpathian mountains for years collecting the folk music of the local gypsy tribes.
GYULA ILLYES In his poetry Illyés was a spokesman for the oppressed peasant class. Typical is "PEOPLE OF THE PUSZTA", published 1936 which is an account of landless serfs on big agricultural estates of 19th & early 20th c. Hungary. The author, himself was born & brought up on a puszta & he describes the powerlessness of serfs on one hand, & their resilience with which they struggled for a living & for dignity. [Wikimedia & jstor.org]