Kapu refers to the ancient Hawaiian code of conduct of laws & regulations. The kapu system was universal in lifestyle, gender roles, politics, religion, etc. An offense that was kapu was often a corporal offense, but also often denoted a threat to spiritual power. Kapus were strictly enforced. Breaking one, even unintentionally, often meant immediate death, Koʻo kapu. The Hawaiian word kapu is usually translated as "forbidden", though it also carries the meanings of "sacred", or "holy".