Lead cloth seal from Malines (Mechelen) in Belgium. It is stamped on one side with the legend 'EPS. LEODI' around a shield with three pales (this refers to the bishop-prince of Liege, whose authority was acknowledged by Malines from 1305 onwards). On the other side is the legend 'FLO.BERTHVL' around a crozier (this refers to Florent or Floris Berthoult, one of the most important lords in the Malines area, who lived from around 1275 to 1331). Production Date: Late Medieval; late 14th-early…

Lead cloth seal from Malines (Mechelen) in Belgium. It is stamped on one side with the legend 'EPS. LEODI' around a shield with three pales (this refers to the bishop-prince of Liege, whose authority was acknowledged by Malines from 1305 onwards). On the other side is the legend 'FLO.BERTHVL' around a crozier (this refers to Florent or Floris Berthoult, one of the most important lords in the Malines area, who lived from around 1275 to 1331). Production Date: Late Medieval; late 14th-early…

Lead cloth seal, stamped with the design of an eagle on one side and a bear with the letters 'S G' on the other, from St Gallen in Switzerland. This seal would have been attached to a bale of fustian (cloth made from linen and cotton). Lead seals were attached to bales of cloth for quality control. They provide details about the fabric: brand name, size and source, as well as the maker's personal mark. Production Date: Late Medieval; 15th century

Lead cloth seal, stamped with the design of an eagle on one side and a bear with the letters 'S G' on the other, from St Gallen in Switzerland. This seal would have been attached to a bale of fustian (cloth made from linen and cotton). Lead seals were attached to bales of cloth for quality control. They provide details about the fabric: brand name, size and source, as well as the maker's personal mark. Production Date: Late Medieval; 15th century

Lead cloth seal, stamped with the design of a crowned rose. This type of seal seems only to have been used in Kent during the reign of Henry VIII. Cloth seals were used in a system of quality control and taxation for the textile industry. 15th-16th century

Lead cloth seal, stamped with the design of a crowned rose. This type of seal seems only to have been used in Kent during the reign of Henry VIII. Cloth seals were used in a system of quality control and taxation for the textile industry.

London cloth seal. Cloth seals were used in a system of quality control and taxation for the textile industry. Cloths were examined for quality by an alnager and a tax (subsidy) was paid to the king of a few pence per piece of cloth. Seals were then attached to the cloth to show they had been examined and the tax had been paid. Most types of cloth could not be legally sold without their alnage seal attached.  Production Date: Late Medieval; late 15th century

London cloth seal. Cloth seals were used in a system of quality control and taxation for the textile industry. Cloths were examined for quality by an alnager and a tax (subsidy) was paid to the king of a few pence per piece of cloth. Seals were then attached to the cloth to show they had been examined and the tax had been paid. Most types of cloth could not be legally sold without their alnage seal attached. Production Date: Late Medieval; late 15th century

Cloth seal from Leiden in the Netherlands. It is stamped with the word 'Leyden' in black letter and the Arms of Leiden in the centre. Lead seals were attached to bales of cloth for quality control. They provide details about the fabric: brand name, size and source, as well as the maker's personal mark. This seal was attached to linens or cottons imported from Europe and indicates the important role London played in the international textile trade.  Production Date: Late Medieval; 15th…

Cloth seal from Leiden in the Netherlands. It is stamped with the word 'Leyden' in black letter and the Arms of Leiden in the centre. Lead seals were attached to bales of cloth for quality control. They provide details about the fabric: brand name, size and source, as well as the maker's personal mark. This seal was attached to linens or cottons imported from Europe and indicates the important role London played in the international textile trade. Production Date: Late Medieval; 15th…

Cloth seal from Venice, Italy, stamped with the lion of St Mark. Lead seals were attached to bales of cloth for quality control. They provide details about the fabric: brand name, size and source, as well as the maker's personal mark. This seal was attached to linens or cottons imported from Europe and indicates the important role London played in the international textile trade.  Production Date: Late Medieval; early 15th century

Cloth seal from Venice, Italy, stamped with the lion of St Mark. Lead seals were attached to bales of cloth for quality control. They provide details about the fabric: brand name, size and source, as well as the maker's personal mark. This seal was attached to linens or cottons imported from Europe and indicates the important role London played in the international textile trade. Production Date: Late Medieval; early 15th century

Cloth seal from Leiden in the Netherlands. It is stamped with the word 'Leyden' in black letter on both sides. Lead seals were attached to bales of cloth for quality control. They provide details about the fabric: brand name, size and source, as well as the maker's personal mark. This seal was attached to linens or cottons imported from Europe and indicates the important role London played in the international textile trade.  Production Date: Late Medieval; 15th century

Cloth seal from Leiden in the Netherlands. It is stamped with the word 'Leyden' in black letter on both sides. Lead seals were attached to bales of cloth for quality control. They provide details about the fabric: brand name, size and source, as well as the maker's personal mark. This seal was attached to linens or cottons imported from Europe and indicates the important role London played in the international textile trade. Production Date: Late Medieval; 15th century

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