When Empress Matilda's father died she did not jump straight to the throne instead her cousin did. Many people believed that a woman should not rule their country so most people supported Stephen, the former kings favourite nephew. Because of this an 'Anarchy' began. Matilda believed she should get her fathers inheritances whilst her cousin believed the same. Many towers, buildings and other infrastructure was destroyed but neither Matilda nor Stephen gained enough power to defeat the other.