Macedonian phalanx wielding the sarissa - a 4 to 7 meter feet) long spear. The invention of the sarissa is credited to Philip II, father of Alexander the Great. This creative thinking helped Alex win battles.
Arms and armor of Roman Republic soldiers at the time of the Punic wars. Left front, the armour of a principes and hastati, right the veteran triarii. The back figure represents an Italian ally or a velite, skirmish infantry.