Immigration was a powerful driving force that influenced Modernism, education, and art in the 1920s and 1930s.

While admission decisions were made by the Immigration Service, the law required medical inspection of immigrants by the United States Public Health Service

In 1912, after pursuing a career teaching art, O'Keeffe attended drawing classes at the University of Virginia's summer school. Her teacher, Alon Bement, professed an innovative teaching style that was heavily influenced by the artist Arthur Wesley Dow. While teaching at Columbia College in South Carolina in 1915, O'Keeffe began to experiment with Dow's theory of self-exploration through art. She took natural forms, such as ferns, clouds and waves, and began a small series of charcoal…

Press release from the Art Gallery of New South Wales website . Alfred Stieglitz 'Georgia O'Keeffe: a portrait' 1918 platinum photograph x

April 4-April 22, 1938  Children's Work exhibit at NY MOMA

Museum of Modern Art - My favorite place in NYC . It is recognized as one of the most influential museums of modern art in the world.

Arthur Dove, Dancing Willows, 1944.   Self-Expression and Individualism are another unifying theme of modernism.

Arthur Dove, Dancing Willows, Self-Expression and Individualism are another unifying theme of modernism.

New York Armory Show of 1913 - International Exhibition of Modern Art was the first large exhibition of such works in America. The exhibit challenged and changed both the academic and public definition and attitude toward art, and by doing so altered the course of history for American artists. Marking the end of one era and the beginning of another, The Armory Show shattered the provincial calm of American art. It rocked the public and blasted the academies of painting and sculpture.

New York Armory Show of 1913 - International Exhibition of Modern Art was the first large exhibition of such works in America. The exhibit challenged and changed both the academic and public definition and attitude toward art, and by doing so altered the course of history for American artists. Marking the end of one era and the beginning of another, The Armory Show shattered the provincial calm of American art. It rocked the public and blasted the academies of painting and sculpture.

Alfred Stieglitz was one of the most influential of the early modenists. He organized the first exhibitions of children's art in his gallery 1913 and continued present new ideas such as art from exotic cultures and modern art before it was accepted by the culture in general.

Alfred Stieglitz – was an American photographer and modern art promoter who was instrumental over his fifty-year career in making photography an accepted art form. He was married to painter Georgia O'Keeffe.

Margaret Naumburg is considered the primary "mother" of and pioneer in art therapy in the United States. She was an educator as well as a psychoanalyst which gave way to her early research on the ability art has to make the unconscious conscious.

Margaret Sanger - Founder of Planned Parenthood - fought for birth control & women's reproductive rights

The Museum of Modern Art was given a five-year grant through the General Education Board of the Rockefeller Foundation to establish its own Department of Education to promote collaboration between secondary school curricula and museums. The Young People’s Gallery was one educational program, which started at the museum.

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is the most influential museum of modern art in New York City. Modern and contemporary art collection.

Dr Benjamin Spock (1903–98) was a medical doctor whose book, Baby and Child Care, was first published in 1946. By the time he died, it had sold 50 million copies and influenced a generation of parents, encouraging them to be less strict and concerned about ‘spoiling’ their children.

King, and Monsignor Rice of Pittsburgh march in the Solidarity Day Parade at the United Nations Building.

In February 1931, finger paints were first used by one of Ruth Faison Shaw's elementary school children at the Shaw School in Rome. The idea of finger paints came to Shaw when she sent a student to the bathroom to put iodine on his cut. When he did not return, she found him painting iodine all over the bathroom walls. Finger-painting was later instituted in America in April of 1936.

Let’s go back to the good old days, in the kindergarten classroom when we could use are fingers to paint and hung them up on our fridges.

Sheeler, American Landscape, 1930.  One of the unifying themes of the Modernist movement was industrialism.

Charles Sheeler - American Landscape, 1930 Never a trace of humans, cold, calculated, impersonal view.

Who was the twentieth century's most influential art educator? Viktor Lowenfeld.   One was the psychoanalytic school of psychology in which evidence of aesthetic, social, physical, intellectual, and emotional growth is reflected in the art of children. The second was the concept of stages of growth in art, which originated in German and Austrian sources.     Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/viktor-lowenfeld#ixzz1yYbpsIF7

Penn State is a major, public, research-I university serving Pennsylvania and the global community. Learn more about our undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral degree programs.

Modernist artist, author, art activist and teacher, Robert Henri believed that American art should be public in the broadest sense of the word and have relevance to the people, not just to art experts. According to Henri, American artists had too long been under the sway of the standards and subject matter of European high art. More info: http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Robert_Henri.aspx

Robert Henri was an American painter and teacher. He was a leading figure of the Ashcan School in art. Robert Henri is the author of The Art Spirit

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