HUES are the 12 purest & brightest colors with Primary Colors, Secondary Colors, and Tertiary Colors. TINTS (aka Pastel) is any color with white added. SHADE: any color with black added. TONE: is created by adding gray.
The Color Thesaurus, what a chart! Imagine creating this kind of chart by asking kids to determine what "colour" is a word. (We could them ask them to write a poem or a story and use that chart to see what colour it is.