Hungary, a reluctant player in WWI, paid a price no other modern nation had ever before been subjected to. The French, long hungry to stall rapid economic advancement in German and Hungarian lands and despite American protests and calls for plebiscites, sent their troops to Northern Hungary in violation of the cease fire, and then pushed through the Treaty of Versailles (Trianon).
Kingdom of Hungary (1920-1944): The irredentist Magyar Hiszek Egy ("The Hungarian Creed" written by Mrs. Elemér Papp-Váry, née Szeréna Sziklay (1881-1923). Recited each morning by Hungarian school children during the Horthy era. "I believe in Hungary’s resurrection!" referring to revision of the Treaty of Trianon, 1920.