You do realize the moon is within Earth's orbit. It includes anything between us and the Sun. He's not saying we haven't gone to the moon or can't send people beyond Earth's orbit. He's saying we need the new heavy lift rockets under development to send people to Mars and beyond.
Not sure what the originator was trying to show with the variation of the name placement, but they are two different capsules. The top picture was from 2012. The second was from 2014. Two different jumps by two different men.
Actually, that's pretty much exactly how gravity works, except that it's pulling you to the surface rather than off to the side. Go to a third grade science class.
Ever look upwards toward an object that is near the crest of a hill even a small one or drive behind another car along a rolling highway? It's all about the angle of view and perspective. #Nasalies #Flatearth